The material posted on this page is detailed information on how to treat a patient, with CPR HCP techniques, that is unconscious, with a pulse and not breathing. To learn these methods and procedures enrol in CPR HCP training in Surrey. All of our training partners are located in our “locations” page.
CPR level HCP procedures for Unconscious Non Breathing Victim with a Pulse.
These are the 2011 CPR standards as provided by all 4 major first aid providers.
- Assess the scene for any dangers. If dangers are present notify emergency medical systems (EMS) and wait until dangers are clear. If you can remove the dangers without harming yourself or the victim, do so.
- Determine the responsiveness and consciousness of the victim. Gently tap the victim on the shoulders and ask them to respond. If the patient does not respond proceed to step 3.
- Open the airway of the victim – Kneel next to the victim head and place one palm on the victim’s forehead and two fingers of your other hand underneath the chin of the victim on your nearest side. Gently tilt the patients head back as far as it can gently go.
- Check for breathing – With your ear next to the victim’s mouth, look for a rising and falling stomach, listen for exhalation to your ear and feel for any breathing. Check for breathing for approximately 5 seconds. If you feel, hear and see breathing place the victim into the “H.A.I.N.E.S. position and wait for EMS to arrive as you constantly re-asses the vitals of the victim.
- Check the victim’s circulation – Check the victim’s pulse by placing two or three fingers on the victim’s carotid artery. Check for circulation for no more than 10 seconds.
- Contact EMS – Send a bystander to contact EMS. Tell the bystander the gender and approximate age of the victim. Tell the bystander if the victim is breathing and if he or she has circulation. Notify the bystander to report back to you with a automated external defibrillator (AED) after he or she has contacted 9.1.1. Ask the victim if he or she understands prior to them contacting EMS.
- If the victim has a pulse and is not breathing, ventilate the victim with one breath every 5 seconds. When applying mouth-to-mouth resuscitation you must plug the victim’s nose by pinching it with your fingers. Only plug the victim’s nose when ventilating. When ventilating the victim, watch the victim’s chest to see if it rises. If you see the victim’s chest rise stop the ventilation and wait 5 seconds and ventilate again.
- Use gloves, pocket masks or a bag valve mask if available when doing ventilations.
- After 2 minutes of ventilations re-assess the victims vitals for 10 seconds and continue ventilations if victim’s vitals have not changed.
- If an automated external defibrillator arrives turn on the AED and listen to what it prompts you to do.
- Do not stop CPR and use of AED unless AED prompts you to, trained medical help tells you, you are too tired to continue or if the victims status changes (i.e. has recovered).
The material posted in this blog is for information purposes only. To learn to do CPR at a HCP standard take a workplace approved CPR Course near you.