Overview Of Shock
Shock takes place when the circulation system doesn’t direct blood to all parts of the body. When a person experiences shock, the blood flow is too small to meet the body’s requirements. Parts of the body are lacking of oxygen. This leads to injury of the heart, brain, limbs, and lungs.
Losing blood as a result of any injury can cause shock.
Symptoms Of Shock
- Feeling faint and shaking.
- Feeling agitated and confused.
- Light or blue-colored fingernails, skin, and lips. Cool and clammy skin.
- Fast, shallow breathing. Weak, but rapid pulse.
- Sickness, nausea and extreme thirst.
- Inflated pupils.
- Loss of memory.
Causes Of Shock
- Experiencing a heart attack.
- Severe or unexpected loss of blood from an injury or severe disease. Bleeding can take place within or outside the body.
- A large decrease in body fluids, such as experiencing a serious burn.
First Aid For Dealing With Shock
- Look for a reaction. Provide CPR or Rescue Breaths as required.
- Place the casualty in a horizontal position, face-up, but do not move him or her if you notice a back, head, or neck injury.
- Elevate the casualty’s feet. You can make use of a box, etc. Do not elevate the feet or shift the legs if any bones appear to be broken. Keep the casualty laying flat.
- If the casualty vomits or has problems breathing, elevate him or her to a semi-sitting position (if no neck, back, or head injury). Or, rotate the casualty on his or her side to avoid choking.
- Release any tight clothing. Keep the casualty warm. Cover the casualty with a jacket, blanket, etc.
- Check for a response again. Redo as required.
- Do not offer any food or fluids. If the casualty wants water, dampen their lips.
- Keep the casualty calm. Make him or her as relaxed as you can.