Allergies are very typical, but in most cases they are harmless to the person who has them. They are the result of the body reacting to an allergen or trigger that is in the environment. Allergies can include fever, eczema, hay fever, asthma, hives or food allergies. Statistically, around one in four people are allergic to something. And in most cases, children are the ones who have allergies the most.
The symptoms of those who have allergies are going to be mild to extreme. The extreme side of allergies results in anaphylaxis, which can cause the person to die unless they get immediate medical attention. The good news is that most allergy sufferers can get relief through various treatments on the market.
The symptoms that a person shows are going to depend upon the type of allergy that they have. However, these symptoms can include:
- Eyes that are itchy, watery or red
- Runny nose
- Breathing issues
- Rashes on the skin
- Pains in the stomach
- Vomiting or diarrhea
With an allergy, it is important that you seek medical help in diagnosing what the allergy is. You do not want to self-diagnose as your symptoms could be a symptom of other issues.
The Common Allergens
There are several allergens that cause reactions in people. The one thing that all of these allergens share is protein. Either the allergen itself contains protein, or the allergen combines with protein in the body. Some of the more common allergens include:
- Food: nuts, eggs, fish, milk, and seafood
- Plants: pollen from flowers/trees and grass
- Medicines: anyone can develop an allergy to medications, whether prescribed, homeopathic or over the counter
- Insets: bees, ticks, wasps, and dust mites
- Animal dander: fur and skin from domestic animals
- Chemicals: ranging from household to those that are used in controlled settings
The Reaction from the Immune System
When an allergen enters into the body, the immune system sees this as a dangerous substance in those who have allergies. The body then attacks this allergen with IgE antibodies. The antibodies release histamine in the body, which causes the issues that are seen with allergies.
Aspects to Remember
Here are a few things to remember:
- The body overreactions to the allergen when it enters into the body resulting in an allergy that is often harmless
- Allergies can include asthma, hay fever, hives and allergies to food.